Perceptual Control Theory

Perceptual Control Theory Author William T. Powers
ISBN-10 9781938090127
Release 2016-05-17
Pages 424
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These introductions and readings provide a comprehensive range of information for the study of Perceptual Control Theory—papers, books, book reviews, resources on-line, demos and tutorial programs for your computer. Perceptual Control Theory, PCT, results from one man's curiosity, expertise, creativity and determination. The articles, books, and tutorial programs introduced in this volume would not have been written, certainly not this way, if it were not for William T. (Bill) Powers's seminal insight and tireless efforts across more that sixty years. The PCT explanation for what behavior is, how it works and what it accomplishes is well documented. It lays a foundation for a new natural science and can handle behavioral phenomena within a single testable concept of how living systems work. You can demonstrate it yourself with functioning computer simulations. Whether you are interested in improving education, resolving chronic psychological stress, understanding what is going on with an inconsolable baby, understanding the basis for our universal sense of justice, getting a different take on what emotions are, resolving conflict in general, becoming a better parent, manager, sales person, friend or lover, you will find fascinating insight when you review these readings and study this new explanatory concept with care.

Perceptual Control Theory

Perceptual Control Theory Author William T. Powers
ISBN-10 9780974015583
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 376
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Powers presents a broad-based sampling of the literature on Perceptual Control Theory, its scientific nature, and some applications that explain what behavior is, how it works, and what it accomplishes.

People as Living Things

People as Living Things Author Philip Julian Runkel
ISBN-10 9780974015507
Release 2003
Pages 523
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Runkel links Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) thinking to psychological literature and discusses it against that background.

Perceptual Control Theory

Perceptual Control Theory Author Marcos Aurelio Rodrigues
ISBN-10 0903878194
Release 1994
Pages 94
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Perceptual Control Theory has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Perceptual Control Theory also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Perceptual Control Theory book for free.

Teaching Children and Youth Self control

Teaching Children and Youth Self control Author John W. Maag
ISBN-10 UVA:X006006334
Release 1998
Pages 42
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This monograph discusses using an approach based on perceptual control theory (PCT) to teach self-control to children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders. PCT is described as a general approach to understanding self-regulated systems that relies on the theory that behavior controls an individual's perceptions rather than the perceptions controlling behavior generally assumed by most people. After an introductory chapter, Chapter 2, "Overview of Perceptual Control Theory," describes the basic tenets of PCT and includes real-life examples, describes the levels of PCT, and compares PCT to some traditional conceptualizations of behavior to provide a frame of reference for the intervention techniques. Chapter 3, "Questioning Method for Getting Children and Youth to Think," describes the rationale for questioning children and youth and provides five recommended questions for teaching self-control. Chapter 4, "Teaching Children and Youth to Make a Plan," discusses the five components in this process, including identifying an area for improvement, setting a measurable goal, creating a detailed outline, self-monitoring performances, and setting up a feedback chart depicting process. A sample planning sheet and feedback chart are provided. A concluding chapter describes ways for dealing with children and youth who continually break rules. (Contains 34 references.) (CR)

A Look at Behaviourism and Perceptual Control Theory in Interface Design

A Look at Behaviourism and Perceptual Control Theory in Interface Design Author Chéry, Sandra
ISBN-10 OCLC:39913178
Release 1998
Pages 20
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Behaviorism and Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) were reviewed and their shortfalls, as well as their application to human machine interactions, were assessed. Behaviorism, which studies only observable behaviors and discards the purpose of actions, implies that given a stimulus, one can predict the response. The PCT framework introduces the requirement for a desired perceptual state which would then be compared to its perception. Behaviors would then result in an attempt to minimize the perceptual error when present. However, PCT's shortfall includes the inability to objectively measure internal variables. Behaviorism, on the other hand, can not account for variability in responses, instinctive drift, autoshaping, etc. Researchers have used behaviorism as a framework for human machine interactions concluding that compatibility between a stimulus and its response resulted in increased performance of the system. Other researchers have argued that the use of PCT in human machine interactions can explicitly show all the required feedback messages necessary for a stable and effective interaction between the human and the machine.

Applying Ecological Interface Design and Perceptual Control Theory to the Design of the Control Display Unit

Applying Ecological Interface Design and Perceptual Control Theory to the Design of the Control Display Unit Author
ISBN-10 OCLC:654176808
Release 1999
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Applying Ecological Interface Design and Perceptual Control Theory to the Design of the Control Display Unit has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Applying Ecological Interface Design and Perceptual Control Theory to the Design of the Control Display Unit also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Applying Ecological Interface Design and Perceptual Control Theory to the Design of the Control Display Unit book for free.

Identity Theory

Identity Theory Author Peter J. Burke
ISBN-10 9780199736744
Release 2009-08-18
Pages 272
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The concept of identity has become widespread within the social and behavioral sciences in recent years, cutting across disciplines from psychiatry and psychology to political science and sociology. All individuals claim particular identities given their roles in society, groups they belong to, and characteristics that describe themselves. Introduced almost 30 years ago, identity theory is a social psychological theory that attempts to understand identities, their sources in interaction and society, their processes of operation, and their consequences for interaction and society from a sociological perspective. This book describes identity theory, its origins, the research that supports it, and its future direction. It covers the relation between identity theory and other related theories, as well as the nature and operation of identities. In addition, the book discusses the multiple identities individuals hold from their multiple positions in society and organizations as well as the multiple identities activated by many people interacting in groups and organizations. And, it covers the manner in which identities offer both stability and change to individuals. Written in an accessible style, Identity Theory makes, step by step, the full range of this powerful new theory understandable to readers at all levels.

Dialogue and Instruction

Dialogue and Instruction Author Robbert-Jan Beun
ISBN-10 3540588345
Release 1995
Pages 368
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This book derives from a workshop entitled 'Natural Dialogue and Interactive Stu­ dent Modeling', held October 17-20, 1992 in the Villa Cipressi in Varenna (Italy). The theme of the workshop focused on how approaches to natural dialogue and conversation contributed to the development ofa sophisticated dialogue component in intelligent tutoring systems. Researchers from the fields of educational technol­ ogy, dialogue research and user interface design were all invited to the workshop in order to ensure a broad knowledge base for the discussion of the main topic of the workshop. The workshop included a variety of presentations, most of which are presented in this book, as well as active discussions of a number of issues related to the main topic, such as: the intrinsic value of a dialogue component in an intelligent tutoring system verbal expressions (e.g., natural language) as a successful modality in a learning setting the application of results from other types of dialogue, such as information or task dialogues, in models of instructional dialogue the role of a teacher as an intermediary who provides motivation and support in learning as opposed to the role of a teacher as someone who just presents information. In the introductory chapter we have tried to combine these issues and link them to the papers that are presented in this volume.

Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science

Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Science Author H. L. Roitblat
ISBN-10 0262181665
Release 1995
Pages 533
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The book includes considerations of the perceptual and motor abilities of animals as the evolutionary and conceptual foundation of more complex abilities; modeling focused as much on connections and constraints as on language and symbols; an interest in simple adaptive processes in animals and robots as the basis for more complex forms of learning and adaptation; and a consideration of animals and robots as integrated and situated systems in contrast to the reductionist and environment-free frameworks often seen in standard cognitive science.

Prospects for Artificial Intelligence

Prospects for Artificial Intelligence Author Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour. Conference
ISBN-10 9051991266
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 291
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Dealing with the theme of prospects for artificial inteligence as the general science of intelligence, this work covers a wide range of topics. It attempts to identify trends and projects into the future, instead of simply surveying past achievements.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings Author
ISBN-10 PSU:000043712397
Release 1998
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Library of Congress Subject Headings has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Library of Congress Subject Headings also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Library of Congress Subject Headings book for free.

Management and Leadership

Management and Leadership Author Dag Forssell
ISBN-10 9780974015552
Release 2008-03
Pages 110
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Forssell introduces a new understanding of purposeful behavior--Perceptual Control Theory--and shows how to apply it to a wide range of leadership problems.

Control in the Classroom

Control in the Classroom Author Timothy A. Carey
ISBN-10 9781938090103
Release 2012-08
Pages 184
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Have you ever wondered how learning happens? Control in the Classroom introduces the main ideas of a profound explanation of human behavior and then applies these ideas to the issue of curriculum delivery. This illuminating explanation, known as Perceptual Control Theory, shows that control is the fundamental phenomenon at the core of the business of living. Control is critical in the classroom - both for teachers and for students. From this perspective, teaching can be considered to be a process of helping students develop greater control capabilities. The first part of the book introduces the theory in an easy-to-read, light-hearted style. Through an abundance of examples the principles of the theory are applied both to classroom activity and life in general. You might even discover that understanding this theory helps you in other areas of your life, not only in teaching. The second part of the book addresses specific aspects of curriculum delivery such as lesson plans and goal setting. Forms are provided to help you develop expertise in this approach. Examples of completed forms are included as well. This exciting and intriguing book will be an invaluable resource for both inexperienced and seasoned teachers. Any educator who wants to improve life in the classroom by taking a behind-the-scenes peek at what might be going on when students learn will be delighted with this book. By taking some time to understand the important principles and becoming familiar with the suggested forms and practices, teachers will be able to help themselves and their students have more rewarding experiences in the classroom. With this book in your collection, walking into your classroom really will be embarking on an adventure in learning and achievement.


Bilingualism Author Joel Walters
ISBN-10 9781135612863
Release 2014-04-04
Pages 336
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In the past 30 years, the study of bilingualism processing has been conducted independently by two fields, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics. This volume merges these two fields, addressing one of the tough problems dividing researchers in bilingualism, conceptually as well as methodologically. Joel Walters proposes a new approach to bilingualism processing--the Sociopragmatic-Psycholinguistic (SPPL) Model--which presents language as a social phenomenon. The author accomplishes this by identifying and organizing evidence from a wide range of linguistic disciplines, merging sociopragmatics, discourse analysis, and ethnography with social cognition, psycholinguistics, and neuroscience. By extension, the author offers convincing explanations of how related fields can profit from a comprehensive bilingual processing model. As a result, Joel Walters delivers a well-organized, comprehensive model that is thought through at every level. This book appeals to graduate students, scholars in the fields of linguistics, bilingualism, second language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. It is useful to researchers for its comprehensiveness and methodological acumen and may be appropriate as a supplementary textbook for graduate-level courses in bilingualism or for seminars on similar topics.

A Transdiagnostic Approach to CBT Using Method of Levels Therapy

A Transdiagnostic Approach to CBT Using Method of Levels Therapy Author Warren Mansell
ISBN-10 9781136173059
Release 2012-11-27
Pages 192
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the treatment of choice for most mental health problems. Each different problem is usually treated by a different model of CBT. Yet evidence tells us that the same processes are responsible for long term distress in us all. This handy manual draws on evidence and theory to provide the key principles to aid change and recovery. The transdiagnostic approach is supported by a wealth of evidence that processes such as worry, emotion suppression, self-criticism and avoidance maintain distress across psychological disorders. Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) explains all of these processes as forms of ‘inflexible control’, and Method of Levels Therapy (MOL) helps people to let go of these habits. The principles and techniques of MOL are clearly and practically described for clinicians to offer a transdiagnostic CBT that is tailor-made to the goals of each client. This novel volume will be essential reading for novice and experienced CBT therapists, as well as counsellors and psychotherapists. Its accessible explanation of Perceptual Control Theory and its application to real world problems also makes a useful resource for undergraduates, graduates and researchers in psychology.

Making Sense of Behavior

Making Sense of Behavior Author William Treval Powers
ISBN-10 0964712156
Release 1998
Pages 180
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The along-anticipated work on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) by the originator of this system of ideas, written for the general public in nontechnical language. Back cover copy by Richard S. Marken, Senior Behavior Scientist, The RAND Corporation. "Some of the best science is done by people who refust to take the obvious for granted. Copernicuss didn't take the sun's daily trek across the sky for granted, Einstein didn't take the regular tick of time for granted, and William T. Powers didn't take the appearance of behavior for granted...A number of scientsts, impressed by the power and beauty of control theory as applied to behavior, have devoted their research efforts to testing and expanding Powers' ideas on living control systems. Obviously, I am one of them. I knew after reading Behavior: the Control of Perception (Powers, 1973) that Powers had something very important to say.