Political Determinants of Income Inequality in Emerging Democracies

Political Determinants of Income Inequality in Emerging Democracies Author Takeshi Kawanaka
ISBN-10 9789811002571
Release 2016-01-14
Pages 112
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This study explores why democratization does not necessarily result in inequality reduction in emerging democracies and reveals the determinants of income inequality in emerging democracies, where the average level of inequality continues to be higher and where there is a larger variance of inequality levels than in advanced democracies. Apart from economic, demographic, and social factors, the book highlights political factors that obstruct redistributive policies. In contrast to conventional studies on advanced democracies, which emphasize the relations between different classes, this study asserts that several political factors cause malfunctioning of democratic institutions at various phases of the political process in emerging democracies: multidimensional preferences, the failure of the political market, and weak state capacity. The book employs econometric methods to examine the effects of these political factors. The results indicate their significant effects. The multilevel analysis using the World Values Survey demonstrates that multidimensional preferences, operationalized as ethnic fractionalization, weaken demand for income inequality. Political market quality and state capacity are measured by the age of the largest opposition party, and the Quality of Government indicator is used for the unbalanced panel analysis covering the 1985–2012 period for 75 democracies. Both political market quality and state capacity reduce inequality, but the latter takes more time to show its effect.



Das Kapital im 21 Jahrhundert

Das Kapital im 21  Jahrhundert Author Thomas Piketty
ISBN-10 9783406671326
Release 2014-10-10
Pages 816
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Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.



Der Preis der Ungleichheit

Der Preis der Ungleichheit Author Joseph E. Stiglitz
ISBN-10 3570552403
Release 2014
Pages 520
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Der Preis der Ungleichheit has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Der Preis der Ungleichheit also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Der Preis der Ungleichheit book for free.



The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology Author Edwin Amenta
ISBN-10 9781444355079
Release 2012-02-02
Pages 576
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The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars



Macroeconomic Policies of Developed Democracies

Macroeconomic Policies of Developed Democracies Author Robert J. Franzese
ISBN-10 0521004411
Release 2002-02-11
Pages 306
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Modern political-economic theory explains the postwar evolution of macroeconomic policy in developed democracies.



Political Institutions and Development

Political Institutions and Development Author Natalia E. Dinello
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105123353901
Release 2007
Pages 263
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Political Institutions and Development challenges the cliche that 'good institutions' are essential for sustainable socio-economic development by focusing on the need to adapt potential solutions to local conditions. The authors argue that there is no one optimal institutional design that can be successfully applied to any country. The macro - and micro-level studies contained in this book demonstrate that institutions are highly context-dependent and time-sensitive and must be tailored to local conditions. Specifically, law and order, effective governance, ethnic sensitivity, a supporting political culture, civil rights, and individual opportunities to participate in decision-making are also necessary. With its global perspective, this book explores the relationship between political institutions and development from such diverse regions as the Commonwealth of Independent States, East and South Asia, and Latin America.



Annual review of political science

Annual review of political science Author Annual Reviews, inc
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079787993
Release 2009-06-30
Pages 516
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Annual review of political science has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Annual review of political science also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Annual review of political science book for free.



International Development

International Development Author Bruce Currie-Alder
ISBN-10 9780191651694
Release 2014-02-27
Pages 896
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Thinking on development informs and inspires the actions of people, organizations, and states in their continuous effort to invent a better world. This volume examines the ideas behind development: their origins, how they have changed and spread over time, and how they may evolve over the coming decades. It also examines how the real-life experiences of different countries and organizations have been inspired by, and contributed to, thinking on development. The extent to which development 'works' depends in part on particular local, historical, or institutional contexts. General policy prescriptions fail when the necessary conditions that make them work are either absent, ignored, or poorly understood. There is a need to grasp how people understand their own development experience. If the countries of the world are varied in every way, from their initial conditions to the degree of their openness to outside money and influence, and success is not centred in any one group, it stands to reason that there cannot be a single recipe for development. Each chapter provides an analytical survey of thinking about development that highlights debates and takes into account critical perspectives. It includes contributions from scholars and practitioners from the global North and the global South, spanning at least two generations and multiple disciplines. It will be a key reference on the concepts and theories of development - their origins, evolution, and trajectories - and act as a resource for scholars, graduate students, and practitioners.



Latin America s Emerging Middle Classes

Latin America s Emerging Middle Classes Author J. Dayton-Johnson
ISBN-10 9781137320797
Release 2015-01-27
Pages 209
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Politicians, business leaders and citizens look with hope to the Latin American middle class for political stability and purchasing power, but the economic position of the middle class remains vulnerable. The contributors document the remarkable emergence of this middle group in Latin America, whose measurement turns out not to be an easy task.



Sociological Abstracts

Sociological Abstracts Author Leo P. Chall
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105113575810
Release 2003
Pages
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.



What triggers inflation in emerging market economies

What triggers inflation in emerging market economies Author
ISBN-10
Release 2004
Pages
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What triggers inflation in emerging market economies has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from What triggers inflation in emerging market economies also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full What triggers inflation in emerging market economies book for free.



Europe Enlarged

Europe Enlarged Author Irena Kogan
ISBN-10 1847420648
Release 2008
Pages 389
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This important reference work describes the educational systems, labour markets and welfare production regimes in the ten new Central and Eastern Europe countries.



Fault Lines of Democracy in Post transition Latin America

Fault Lines of Democracy in Post transition Latin America Author Felipe Agüero
ISBN-10 UVA:X004290314
Release 1998
Pages 407
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Concerns about democratization in Latin America today center not on the threat of authoritarian regression, but on the depth, quality, fairness, and completeness of democratization thus far. Large-scale economic and social reforms, stronger and more complex civil societies, and processes of integration and globalization call for new approaches in order to understand the unfolding of democracy in the region. In this context, the contributors to this volume explore the often disjunctive aspects of Latin American democracy, providing a nuanced understanding of contemporary democratic governance.



Emergence and Persistence of Inefficient States

Emergence and Persistence of Inefficient States Author Mirko Hajek
ISBN-10 9783668051638
Release 2015-09-22
Pages 84
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Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 1,0, University of Leipzig (Institut für Theoretische Ökonomie), course: Masterarbeit, language: English, abstract: Bureaucratic inefficiency, patronage-induced overstaffing, and outright corruption retard economic development and reduce public well-being in developing countries. They prevent governments from effectively carrying out the economic plans to which they devote so much official attention, and deprive citizens of government services to which they are legally entitled. (Geddes 1991, p.371) Corruption, patronage and inefficient bureaucracies are widespread in many countries and under all forms of government. Whereas such problems are often recognized to be at the core of rent-seeking regimes like dictatorships or oligarchies, they occur in similar ways in developing and even in developed democracies. For instance, there is evidence for bureaucratic inefficiency, corruption and patronage in Brazil (Weyland 1996), but also in Germany (Braendle 2012) and France (Facchini and Melki 2013). A rich body of research however underlines the importance of good institutions as main determinants of economic development, growth and prosperity. But why and under which conditions do some societies choose inefficient institutions? This is the main question the thesis seeks to answer. A related second question concerns a possible explanation for the setup of inefficient institu- tions: Why do democracies often pursue relatively elite-biased policies contrary to the predictions of the median-voter-theorem? As Acemoglu (2010, p.1) notes, institutions are often “structured to maximize the rents captured by the elite, the individuals or social groups monopolizing political power". In electoral democracy, the influence of different social groups should be closer related to their population share than in nondemocracy. However, the distribution of political power can by diluted if institutions reshape political influence and redirect government spending towards the top. The thesis tries to bring together the two issues by elaborating a possible explanation for the link between the emergence of inefficient institutions and the prevalence of pro-elite policies.



The Globalizers

The Globalizers Author Ngaire Woods
ISBN-10 9780801456015
Release 2014-10-03
Pages 264
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"The IMF and the World Bank have integrated a large number of countries into the world economy by requiring governments to open up to global trade, investment, and capital. They have not done this out of pure economic zeal. Politics and their own rules and habits explain much of why they have presented globalization as a solution to challenges they have faced in the world economy."—from the Introduction The greatest success of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank has been as globalizers. But at whose cost? Would borrowing countries be better off without the IMF and World Bank? This book takes readers inside these institutions and the governments they work with. Ngaire Woods brilliantly decodes what they do and why they do it, using original research, extensive interviews carried out across many countries and institutions, and scholarship from the fields of economics, law, and politics. The Globalizers focuses on both the political context of IMF and World Bank actions and their impact on the countries in which they intervene. After describing the important debates between U.S. planners and the Allies in the 1944 foundation at Bretton Woods, she analyzes understandings of their missions over the last quarter century. She traces the impact of the Bank and the Fund in the recent economic history of Mexico, of post-Soviet Russia, and in the independent states of Africa. Woods concludes by proposing a range of reforms that would make the World Bank and the IMF more effective, equitable, and just.



Dieses Mal ist alles anders

Dieses Mal ist alles anders Author Carmen Reinhart
ISBN-10 9783862484386
Release 2010-03-15
Pages 592
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Dieses Mal ist alles anders. Die derzeitige Krise ist überhaupt nicht vergleichbar mit vergangenen Situationen – darin sind sich die Experten einig, wann immer ein Wirtschaftssystem oder ein Staat zusammenbricht. Carmen Reinhart und Kenneth Rogoff haben die Crashs der letzten 800 Jahre analysiert. Ihr erstaunliches Ergebnis: In Wahrheit sind es doch immer die gleichen Fehler, die zum Kollaps geführt haben.



Erledigt in Paris und London

Erledigt in Paris und London Author George Orwell
ISBN-10 3257205333
Release 1978
Pages 285
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Erledigt in Paris und London has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Erledigt in Paris und London also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Erledigt in Paris und London book for free.