Social Welfare Functions and Development

Social Welfare Functions and Development Author Nanak Kakwani
ISBN-10 9781137583253
Release 2016-06-30
Pages 355
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Nanak Kakwani and Hyun Hwa Son make use of social welfare functions to derive indicators of development relevant to specific social objectives, such as poverty- and inequality-reduction. Arguing that the measurement of development cannot be value-free, the authors assert that if indicators of development are to have policy relevance, they must be assessed on the basis of the social objectives in question. This study develops indicators that are sensitive to both the level and the distribution of individuals’ capabilities. The idea of the social welfare function, defined in income space, is extended to the concept of the social well-being function, defined in capability space. Through empirical analysis from selected developing countries, with a particular focus on Brazil, the authors shape techniques appropriate to the analysis of development in different dimensions. The focus of this evidence-based policy analysis is to evaluate alternative policies affecting the capacities of people to enjoy a better life.



Development at grass roots

Development at grass roots Author Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs (United Nations)
ISBN-10 UOM:39015024943634
Release 1980
Pages 42
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Development at grass roots has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Development at grass roots also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Development at grass roots book for free.



Constructing a Social Welfare Function Under Poverty and Inequality with Application to Developing Countries

Constructing a Social Welfare Function Under Poverty and Inequality with Application to Developing Countries Author Nyiwul Linus Mabughi
ISBN-10 OCLC:60510058
Release 2004
Pages 318
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We develop a new social welfare function based on different economic development elements. These elements include per capita income (PPP), total expenditures needed to eradicate poverty, gender development, income inequality and a set of social entitlements.



The Political Economy of Special Purpose Government

The Political Economy of Special Purpose Government Author Kathryn A. Foster
ISBN-10 1589014553
Release 1997-03-01
Pages 288
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In recent decades, local governments across America have increasingly turned specialized functions over to autonomous agencies ranging in scope from subdivision-sized water districts to multi-state transit authorities. This book is the first comprehensive examination of the causes and consequences of special-purpose governments in more than 300 metropolitan areas in the United States. It presents new evidence on the economic, political, and social implications of relying on these special districts while offering important findings about their use and significance.



Economics and Consumer Behavior

Economics and Consumer Behavior Author Angus Deaton
ISBN-10 0521296765
Release 1980-05-30
Pages 450
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The idea of duality has proved to be a powerful device in modern work on the economics of consumer behaviour. The authors have used duality to provide an integrated and accessible treatment of this subject. The book focuses on applications of the theory to welfare economics and econometric analysis. The book begins with four chapters that provide a self-contained presentation of the basic theory and its use in applied econometrics. These chapters also include elementary extensions of the theory to labour supply, durable goods, the consumption function, and rationing. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. In the first of these the authors discuss restrictions on choice and aggregation problems. The next part consists of chapters on consumer index numbers; household characteristics, demand, and household welfare comparisons; and social welfare and inequality. The last part extends the coverage of consumer behaviour to include the quality of goods and household production theory, labour supply and human capital theory, the consumption function and intertemporal choice, the demand for durable goods, and choice under uncertainty.



The Oxford Handbook of Well Being and Public Policy

The Oxford Handbook of Well Being and Public Policy Author Richard a Horvitz Professor of Law Matthew D Adler
ISBN-10 9780199325818
Release 2016-05-19
Pages 984
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What are the methodologies for assessing and improving governmental policy in light of well-being? The Oxford Handbook of Well-Being and Public Policy provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary treatment of this topic. The contributors draw from welfare economics, moral philosophy, and psychology and are leading scholars in these fields. The Handbook includes thirty chapters divided into four Parts. Part I covers the full range of methodologies for evaluating governmental policy and assessing societal condition-including both the leading approaches in current use by policymakers and academics (such as GDP, cost-benefit analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, inequality and poverty metrics, and the concept of the "social welfare function"), and emerging techniques. Part II focuses on the nature of well-being. What, most fundamentally, determines whether an individual life is better or worse for the person living it? Her happiness? Her preference-satisfaction? Her attainment of various "objective goods"? Part III addresses the measurement of well-being and the thorny topic of interpersonal comparisons. How can we construct a meaningful scale of individual welfare, which allows for comparisons of well-being levels and differences, both within one individual's life, and across lives? Finally, Part IV reviews the major challenges to designing governmental policy around individual well-being.



Equity Welfare and the Setting of Trade Policy in General Equilibrium

Equity  Welfare  and the Setting of Trade Policy in General Equilibrium Author Joseph F. François
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822030964878
Release 2005
Pages 19
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The authors analyze general equilibrium relationships between trade policy and the household distribution of income, decomposing social welfare into real income level and variance components and emphasizing Gini and Atkinson indexes. They embed these inequality-adjusted social welfare functions in a general equilibrium structure mapping from tariff protection to household inequality. This yields predictions regarding the linkages between trade protection, country characteristics, and inequality within a broad general equilibrium framework. In addition, the authors can separate the efficiency and equity effects of tariffs on welfare. They then examine endogenous tariff formation when policymakers care about both equity and special interests.



The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy

The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy Author Joel Blau
ISBN-10 9780195385267
Release 2010-01-01
Pages 516
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The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy reinvented the standard social welfare policy text to speak to students in a vital new way. As we enter a new political era, the third edition deploys its distinctive model of how policies develop to include an analysis of the social policy initiatives of the Obama administration. With more graphics, updated charts, sidebars to highlight main points, and definitions of all of the major policy terms, this third edition is the text that best explains the evolution of U.S. social policy from a conservative to a more progressive era. The book begins by discussing how social problems are constructed. After an analysis of social welfare policy, its purposes, and functions, a unique policy model bolsters the text's overarching progressive narrative. Through this model, students learn how five key social forces-ideology, politics, history, economics, and social movements-interact both to create and to change the social welfare system. By applying this model to five critical social welfare policy issues-income security, employment, housing, health, and food-the text demonstrates to students that every kind of social work practice embodies a social welfare policy. The model is also telling in identifying the triggers of social change and the effects of race, class, and gender. By applying the policy model to the latest developments in social welfare, the chapter-long case studies in this third edition equip students with knowledge about social welfare policy and the tools for comparative analysis. With this knowledge, students begin to understand that both the whole and the parts of the social welfare system affect what they actually do as social workers. The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy, Third Edition captures the fluidity and change inherent in social policy like no other textbook. Its approach remains the most invigorating, forward-thinking one available. Highlights from this edition include: * The most recent information on the Obama administration's policy initiatives * Revised data in text, charts, and graphs show how government policies are proving the points made throughout the chapters * Exhaustive statistics are included about every major social program's budget, benefits, and participants * Key words section at the end of each chapter explains basic policy terminology * Sidebars, graphics, and study questions highlight the main points and ensure that every student understands the fundamental concepts in social welfare policy * Content and writing style are appropriate to both bachelor's- and master's-level programs



Distribution and Development

Distribution and Development Author Gary S. Fields
ISBN-10 0262561530
Release 2002
Pages 270
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An examination of the extent to which economic growth improves the material standard of living of a country's people.



Social welfare in a changing world

Social welfare in a changing world Author Elizabeth Wickenden
ISBN-10 UCAL:$B430161
Release 1965
Pages 51
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Social welfare in a changing world has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Social welfare in a changing world also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Social welfare in a changing world book for free.



The Analysis of Household Surveys

The Analysis of Household Surveys Author Angus Deaton
ISBN-10 0801852544
Release 1997
Pages 479
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Using data from several countries, including Cote d'Ivoire, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Thailand, this book analyzes household survey data from developing countries and illustrates how such data can be used to cast light on a range of short-term and long-term policy issues.



Poverty Inequality and Development

Poverty  Inequality  and Development Author Gary S. Fields
ISBN-10 0521298520
Release 1980-12-31
Pages 281
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Economists have traditionally concentrated on aggregate economic growth to measure a country's development, but previously they have also considered income distribution performance. In this book Gary Fields reverses conventional approaches by using income distribution as the primary indicator. He examines what is known about the distribution of income and poverty, inequality, and development. He explores the main causes of poverty and inequality and the extent to which they have been reduced by individual countries in the course of their economic growth. Recognizing that conclusions vary with the type of income distribution measure used, Fields proposes that changes in absolute poverty be adopted as the primary index of a developing nation's progress and suggests that the growth rate of the GNP and character of that growth be regarded as the principal determinants of the levels of poverty and inequality. This framework calls for new models new data. and new microanalytic techniques in order to understand the results of development efforts. Fields employs evidence from case studies of six developing nations to suggest some explanations for differing patterns of development and calls for development planning founded on a firm commitment to helping the poor.



On Urban Development and Social Welfare of Land Taxes in the Mills Lim Urban Growth Model

On Urban Development and Social Welfare of Land Taxes in the Mills Lim Urban Growth Model Author Zin-Fei Lin
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105017579207
Release 1995
Pages 39
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On Urban Development and Social Welfare of Land Taxes in the Mills Lim Urban Growth Model has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from On Urban Development and Social Welfare of Land Taxes in the Mills Lim Urban Growth Model also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full On Urban Development and Social Welfare of Land Taxes in the Mills Lim Urban Growth Model book for free.



Fiscal Theory and Political Economy

Fiscal Theory and Political Economy Author James M. Buchanan
ISBN-10 9781469619132
Release 2014-06-30
Pages 200
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This important collection of eight interrelated essays fills a gap in English-language literature in public finance and fiscal theory. The author consistently emphasizes the central role of collective decision making in fiscal theories as well as the methodological setting in which positive proportions in fiscal theory must be developed. Originally published in 1960. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.



Handbook of Development Economics

Handbook of Development Economics Author Hollis Burnley Chenery
ISBN-10 0444703373
Release 1988-10-01
Pages 882
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For this Handbook authors known to have different views regarding the nature of development economics have been selected. The Handbook is organised around the implications of different sets of assumptions and their associated research programs. It is divided into three volumes, each with three parts which focus on the broad processes of development. Volume 1 of the Handbook begins by discussing the concept of development, its historical antecedents, and alternative approaches to the study of development, broadly construed. The second part is devoted to the structural transformation of economies. The role that human resources play in economic development is the focus of the last section of this volume. For more detailed information on the Handbooks in Economics series, please see our home page on http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/hes



Resources Values and Development

Resources  Values  and Development Author Amartya Sen
ISBN-10 0674765265
Release 1997
Pages 547
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Resources, Values and Development contains many of Amartya Sen's path-breaking contributions to development economics, including papers on resource allocation in nonwage systems, investment planning, shadow pricing, employment policy, and welfare economics.



Decision Science and Social Risk Management

Decision Science and Social Risk Management Author M.W Merkhofer
ISBN-10 9789400946989
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 330
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Economists, decision analysts, management scientists, and others have long argued that government should take a more scientific approach to decision making. Pointing to various theories for prescribing and rational izing choices, they have maintained that social goals could be achieved more effectively and at lower costs if government decisions were routinely subjected to analysis. Now, government policy makers are putting decision science to the test. Recent government actions encourage and in some cases require government decisions to be evaluated using formally defined principles 01' rationality. Will decision science pass tbis test? The answer depends on whether analysts can quickly and successfully translate their theories into practical approaches and whether these approaches promote the solution of the complex, highly uncertain, and politically sensitive problems that are of greatest concern to government decision makers. The future of decision science, perhaps even the nation's well-being, depends on the outcome. A major difficulty for the analysts who are being called upon by government to apply decision-aiding approaches is that decision science has not yet evolved a universally accepted methodology for analyzing social decisions involving risk. Numerous approaches have been proposed, including variations of cost-benefit analysis, decision analysis, and applied social welfare theory. Each of these, however, has its limitations and deficiencies and none has a proven track record for application to govern ment decisions involving risk. Cost-benefit approaches have been exten sively applied by the government, but most applications have been for decisions that were largely risk-free.