Social Welfare Functions and Development

Social Welfare Functions and Development Author Nanak Kakwani
ISBN-10 9781137583253
Release 2016-06-30
Pages 355
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Nanak Kakwani and Hyun Hwa Son make use of social welfare functions to derive indicators of development relevant to specific social objectives, such as poverty- and inequality-reduction. Arguing that the measurement of development cannot be value-free, the authors assert that if indicators of development are to have policy relevance, they must be assessed on the basis of the social objectives in question. This study develops indicators that are sensitive to both the level and the distribution of individuals’ capabilities. The idea of the social welfare function, defined in income space, is extended to the concept of the social well-being function, defined in capability space. Through empirical analysis from selected developing countries, with a particular focus on Brazil, the authors shape techniques appropriate to the analysis of development in different dimensions. The focus of this evidence-based policy analysis is to evaluate alternative policies affecting the capacities of people to enjoy a better life.



Development at grass roots

Development at grass roots Author Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs (United Nations)
ISBN-10 UOM:39015024943634
Release 1980
Pages 42
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Development at grass roots has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Development at grass roots also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Development at grass roots book for free.



The Political Economy of Special Purpose Government

The Political Economy of Special Purpose Government Author Kathryn A. Foster
ISBN-10 1589014553
Release 1997-03-01
Pages 288
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In recent decades, local governments across America have increasingly turned specialized functions over to autonomous agencies ranging in scope from subdivision-sized water districts to multi-state transit authorities. This book is the first comprehensive examination of the causes and consequences of special-purpose governments in more than 300 metropolitan areas in the United States. It presents new evidence on the economic, political, and social implications of relying on these special districts while offering important findings about their use and significance.



Economics and Consumer Behavior

Economics and Consumer Behavior Author Angus Deaton
ISBN-10 0521296765
Release 1980-05-30
Pages 450
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The idea of duality has proved to be a powerful device in modern work on the economics of consumer behaviour. The authors have used duality to provide an integrated and accessible treatment of this subject. The book focuses on applications of the theory to welfare economics and econometric analysis. The book begins with four chapters that provide a self-contained presentation of the basic theory and its use in applied econometrics. These chapters also include elementary extensions of the theory to labour supply, durable goods, the consumption function, and rationing. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. In the first of these the authors discuss restrictions on choice and aggregation problems. The next part consists of chapters on consumer index numbers; household characteristics, demand, and household welfare comparisons; and social welfare and inequality. The last part extends the coverage of consumer behaviour to include the quality of goods and household production theory, labour supply and human capital theory, the consumption function and intertemporal choice, the demand for durable goods, and choice under uncertainty.



Wealth Welfare and Sustainability

Wealth  Welfare and Sustainability Author K. Hamilton
ISBN-10 9781847202970
Release 2006
Pages 214
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This important book presents fresh thinking and new results on the measurement of sustainable development. Economic theory suggests that there should be a link between future wellbeing and current wealth. This book explores this linkage under a variety of headings: population growth, technological change, deforestation and natural resource trade. While the relevant theory is presented briefly, the chief emphasis is on empirical measurement of the change in real wealth: this measure of net or genuine saving is a key indicator of sustainable development. The methodological and empirical work is bolstered by tests of the predictive power of genuine saving in explaining future consumption and economic growth. Just as importantly, the authors show that many resource-abundant countries would be considerably wealthier today had they managed to save and invest the profits from natural resource exploitation in the past. Wealth, Welfare and Sustainability will be of great interest to environmental and resource economists, specialists in sustainability indicators from other disciplines and also development and growth economists.



General Equilibrium and Welfare Economics

General Equilibrium and Welfare Economics Author James C. Moore
ISBN-10 9783540322238
Release 2006-12-20
Pages 576
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This book offers the basic grasp of general equilibrium theory that is a fundamental background for advanced work in virtually any sub-field of economics, and the thorough understanding of the methods of welfare economics, particularly in a general equilibrium context, that is indispensable for undertaking applied policy analysis. The book uses extensive examples, both simple ones intended to bolster basic concepts, and those illustrating application of the material to economics in practice.



Poverty Inequality and Social Welfare in Australia

Poverty  Inequality and Social Welfare in Australia Author David T. Johnson
ISBN-10 9783662127292
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 185
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Poverty, inequality and social welfare are defined in this book. Previous poverty studies are surveyed and a new index of poverty is developed based on everyday meanings, and stressing the individual and relative nature of poverty. Previous definitions of inequality and welfare are described and the relations between them and poverty are explored. New estimates of poverty are made for Australia. Conclusions are derived from comparisons between measured levels of poverty over time and across family types. Previous Australian studies of inequality and welfare are surveyed and new estimates are made for Australia for recent years.



Distribution and Development

Distribution and Development Author Gary S. Fields
ISBN-10 0262561530
Release 2002
Pages 270
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An examination of the extent to which economic growth improves the material standard of living of a country's people.



The Analysis of Household Surveys

The Analysis of Household Surveys Author Angus Deaton
ISBN-10 0801852544
Release 1997
Pages 479
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Using data from several countries, including Cote d'Ivoire, India, Pakistan, Taiwan, and Thailand, this book analyzes household survey data from developing countries and illustrates how such data can be used to cast light on a range of short-term and long-term policy issues.



Fiscal Theory and Political Economy

Fiscal Theory and Political Economy Author James M. Buchanan
ISBN-10 9781469619132
Release 2014-06-30
Pages 200
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This important collection of eight interrelated essays fills a gap in English-language literature in public finance and fiscal theory. The author consistently emphasizes the central role of collective decision making in fiscal theories as well as the methodological setting in which positive proportions in fiscal theory must be developed. Originally published in 1960. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.



Handbook of Development Economics

Handbook of Development Economics Author Hollis Burnley Chenery
ISBN-10 0444703373
Release 1988-10-01
Pages 882
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For this Handbook authors known to have different views regarding the nature of development economics have been selected. The Handbook is organised around the implications of different sets of assumptions and their associated research programs. It is divided into three volumes, each with three parts which focus on the broad processes of development. Volume 1 of the Handbook begins by discussing the concept of development, its historical antecedents, and alternative approaches to the study of development, broadly construed. The second part is devoted to the structural transformation of economies. The role that human resources play in economic development is the focus of the last section of this volume. For more detailed information on the Handbooks in Economics series, please see our home page on http://www.elsevier.nl/locate/hes



Decision Science and Social Risk Management

Decision Science and Social Risk Management Author M.W Merkhofer
ISBN-10 9789400946989
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 330
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Economists, decision analysts, management scientists, and others have long argued that government should take a more scientific approach to decision making. Pointing to various theories for prescribing and rational izing choices, they have maintained that social goals could be achieved more effectively and at lower costs if government decisions were routinely subjected to analysis. Now, government policy makers are putting decision science to the test. Recent government actions encourage and in some cases require government decisions to be evaluated using formally defined principles 01' rationality. Will decision science pass tbis test? The answer depends on whether analysts can quickly and successfully translate their theories into practical approaches and whether these approaches promote the solution of the complex, highly uncertain, and politically sensitive problems that are of greatest concern to government decision makers. The future of decision science, perhaps even the nation's well-being, depends on the outcome. A major difficulty for the analysts who are being called upon by government to apply decision-aiding approaches is that decision science has not yet evolved a universally accepted methodology for analyzing social decisions involving risk. Numerous approaches have been proposed, including variations of cost-benefit analysis, decision analysis, and applied social welfare theory. Each of these, however, has its limitations and deficiencies and none has a proven track record for application to govern ment decisions involving risk. Cost-benefit approaches have been exten sively applied by the government, but most applications have been for decisions that were largely risk-free.



Integradted Bio economic Land Use Models an Analysis of the Possibilities of Sustainable Natural Forest Management in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica

Integradted Bio economic Land Use Models  an Analysis of the Possibilities of Sustainable Natural Forest Management in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica Author
ISBN-10
Release
Pages
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Integradted Bio economic Land Use Models an Analysis of the Possibilities of Sustainable Natural Forest Management in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Integradted Bio economic Land Use Models an Analysis of the Possibilities of Sustainable Natural Forest Management in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Integradted Bio economic Land Use Models an Analysis of the Possibilities of Sustainable Natural Forest Management in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica book for free.



Milestones and Turning Points in Development Thinking

Milestones and Turning Points in Development Thinking Author R. Jolly
ISBN-10 9781137271631
Release 2012-05-17
Pages 319
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The first volume of IDS Companions to Development Studies focuses on pivotal writing emerging from the IDS fellowship during the last 50 years. It includes five topics: perspectives and paradigms, debunking myths, development policy, gender and international perspectives, and policy, as well as names like Seers, Singer, Lipton, Reg Green.



Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment

Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment Author Andrew P. Sage
ISBN-10 1118015487
Release 2011-04-12
Pages 500
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An Authoritative Introduction to a Major Subject in Systems Engineering and Management This important volume fills the need for a textbook on the fundamentals of economic systems analysis and assessment, illustrating their vital role in systems engineering and systems management. Providing extensive coverage on key topics, it assumes no prior background in mathematics or economics in order to comprehend the material. The book is comprised of five major parts: Microeconomics: a concise overview that covers production and the theory of the firm; theory of the consumer; market equilibria and market imperfections; and normative or welfare economics, including imperfect competition effects and consumer and producer surplus Program Management Economics: discusses economic valuation of programs and projects, including investment rates of return; cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis; earned value management; cost structures and estimation of program costs and schedules; strategic and tactical pricing issues; and capital investment and options Cost Estimation: reviews cost-estimation technologies involving precedented and unprecedented development, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) software, software reuse, application generators, and fourth-generation languages Strategic Investments in an Uncertain World: addresses alternative methods for valuation of firms including Stern Stewart's EVA, Holt's CFROI, and various competing methodologies Contemporary Perspectives: covers ongoing extensions to theory and practice that enable satisfactory treatment of the increasing returns to scale, network effects, and path-dependent issues generally associated with contemporary ultra-large-scale telecommunications and information networks Also discussed in this comprehensive text are normative or welfare economics and behavioral economics; COCOMO I and II and COSYSMO as examples of a cost model; and options-based valuation models and valuation of information technology intensive enterprises. Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment serves as an ideal textbook for senior undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in economic systems analysis and assessment, as well as a valuable reference for engineers and managers involved with information technology intensive systems, professional economists, cost analysts, investment evaluators, and systems engineers.



International Social Work

International Social Work Author Lynne M. Healy
ISBN-10 0195124464
Release 2001
Pages 314
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International Social Work: Professional Action in an Interdependent World is a comprehensive introduction that places social work history, practice, policy, and education within an international perspective. Two main themes-global interdependence and professional action-are emphasized in this complete examination of an increasingly global profession. The author provides a four-part definition of international social work, emphasizing competence for professional action in international aspects of domestic practice and policy; professional exchange; international development practice; and policy formulation and advocacy at the global level. The economic, cultural, environmental, and social welfare implications of global interdependence are addressed through a discussion of resource utilization, poverty, structural adjustment and the debt crisis, migration, HIV/AIDS, and the rights of women and children. A chapter on value and ethical dilemmas considers how context influences the ways in which social issues are approached, and case examples from Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, and the Caribbean are used throughout the book to illustrate concepts. The text concludes with an exploration of universal concepts for social work around the world including social development, human rights, multiculturalism, social exclusion, sustainability, and security. From direct service to policy and administration, International Social Work: Professional Action in an Interdependent World provides a thorough overview of the international dimensions of social work practice. It is an essential text for all social work students and practitioners and provides a sound foundation for future academic and career exploration in international social work.



The Theory of Public Choice II

The Theory of Public Choice  II Author James M. Buchanan
ISBN-10 0472080415
Release 1984
Pages 452
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Discusses voting, tax policy, government regulation, redistribution of wealth, and international negotiation in a new approach to government