The Noble Gases as Geochemical Tracers

The Noble Gases as Geochemical Tracers Author Pete Burnard
ISBN-10 9783642288364
Release 2012-12-15
Pages 391
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The twelve chapters of this volume aim to provide a complete manual for using noble gases in terrestrial geochemistry, covering applications which range from high temperature processes deep in the Earth’s interior to tracing climatic variations using noble gases trapped in ice cores, groundwaters and modern sediments. Other chapters cover noble gases in crustal (aqueous, CO2 and hydrocarbon) fluids and laboratory techniques for determining noble gas solubilities and diffusivities under geologically relevant conditions. Each chapter deals with the fundamentals of the analysis and interpretation of the data, detailing sampling and sampling strategies, techniques for analysis, sources of error and their estimation, including data treatment and data interpretation using recent case studies.



Isotope Geochemistry

Isotope Geochemistry Author Heinrich D Holland
ISBN-10 0080967116
Release 2010-09-27
Pages 752
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After the discovery that elements were commonly composed of isotopes, there developed a range of studies of the variability of isotopic compositions in Earth materials, which was able to add to our understanding of Earth processes and history. This collection of chapters from the Treatise on Geochemistry describes the range of isotopic studies. The chapters are grouped into the following categories: light stable isotopes, radiogenic tracers, noble gases and radioactive tracers. The first three groups depend on mass spectrometric measurements. The section on radioactive tracers employs both radioactive counting techniques and the newly developed accelerator mass spectrometric techniques. Comprehensive, interdisciplinary and authoritative content selected by leading subject experts Robust illustrations, figures and tables Affordably priced sampling of content from the full Treatise on Geochemistry



The Mantle and Core

The Mantle and Core Author R.W. Carlson
ISBN-10 0080549012
Release 2005-11-22
Pages 608
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Though largely inaccessible, the geochemistry of Earth's mantle and core can be examined through a wide variety of approaches. Volume 2 focuses first on "remote" sensing using evidence from cosmochemical, seismic, petrologic and geochemical approaches. Mantle composition is then examined in detail through descriptions of mantle samples brought to Earth's surface through tectonic, volcanic, and volatile-outgassing processes. The volume concludes with examination of processes that modify the composition of the mantle and core including an early magma ocean, partial melting, element partitioning between minerals and melts, and physical mixing caused by plate subduction, mantle convection and mass exchange between mantle and core. Reprinted individual volume from the acclaimed Treatise on Geochemistry, (10 Volume Set, ISBN 0-08-043751-6, published in 2003) Comprehensive and authoritative scope and focus Reviews from renowned scientists across a range of subjects, providing both overviews and new data, supplemented by extensive bibliographies Extensive illustrations and examples from the field



Noble Gas Geochemistry

Noble Gas Geochemistry Author Minoru Ozima
ISBN-10 0521803667
Release 2002
Pages 286
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Revised and updated new edition discussing the use of noble gas geochemistry to resolve problems in the earth and planetary sciences.



New Theory of the Earth

New Theory of the Earth Author Don L. Anderson
ISBN-10 9781139462082
Release 2007-04-12
Pages
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Theory of the Earth is an interdisciplinary advanced textbook on the origin, composition, and evolution of the Earth's interior: geophysics, geochemistry, dynamics, convection, mineralogy, volcanism, energetics and thermal history. This is the only book on the whole landscape of deep Earth processes which ties together all the strands of the subdisciplines. It is a complete update of Anderson's Theory of the Earth (1989). It includes many new sections and dozens of new figures and tables. As with the original book, this new edition will prove to be a stimulating textbook on advanced courses in geophysics, geochemistry, and planetary science, and supplementary textbook on a wide range of other advanced Earth science courses. It will also be an essential reference and resource for all researchers in the solid Earth sciences.



Treatise on Geochemistry

Treatise on Geochemistry Author H. D. Holland
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105117966437
Release 2004
Pages 630
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Treatise on Geochemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Treatise on Geochemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Treatise on Geochemistry book for free.



Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Encyclopedia of Astrobiology Author Muriel Gargaud
ISBN-10 9783642112713
Release 2011-05-26
Pages 1853
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Astrobiology is a remarkably interdisciplinary field. This reference serves as a key to understanding technical terms from the different subfields of astrobiology, including astronomy, biology, chemistry, the geosciences and the space sciences.



New Insights Into the Origin Transport and Behavior of Noble Gases

New Insights Into the Origin  Transport and Behavior of Noble Gases Author Evelyn Fueri
ISBN-10 1109671539
Release 2010
Pages 193
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The study of volatiles in both subaerial and submarine terrestrial samples is central to understanding the compositions of, and interactions between, the mantle-crust-atmosphere system. This dissertation focuses on the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases at four different geologic settings - a) the San Andreas Fault Zone (SAFZ), a transform plate boundary, b) the Costa Rica margin, a convergent plate boundary, c) Iceland, a ridge-centered hotspot, and d) the Central Indian Ridge, a mid-ocean ridge segment near an off-axis hotspot. Following a brief introduction to the utility of noble gases as geochemical tracers (Chapter I), the helium characteristics of submarine fluid seepage in a strike-slip setting associated with the SAFZ are discussed in Chapter II. Cold seep sites at Extrovert Cliff (Monterey Bay) were chosen for deployment of submarine flux meters and continuous sampling of fluids over several weeks. We assess the origin of dissolved noble gases in the seep fluids, and determine the cause of any temporal variations of the volatile characteristics. Chapter III focuses on the He-CO2 isotope and abundance systematics of submarine cold seep fluids emanating at the Costa Rica fore-arc. We evaluate the origin of dissolved helium and carbon in the fluids, and we estimate the total flux of carbon through fluid venting at mound structures at the fore-arc in order to better constrain the carbon mass balance for the Central America convergent margin. Chapter IV examines the He-Ne systematics of geothermal fluids and the He-Ne-Ar isotope and relative abundance characteristics of subglacial glasses from the neovolcanic zones and older parts of the crust in Iceland. We investigate the processes contributing to the apparent decoupling of the He and Ne isotope systematics observed previously on the Reykjanes Peninsula and question whether this phenomenon is common to other parts of the neovolcanic zones. Chapter V investigates the postulated interaction between the Central Indian Ridge (CIR) and the Réunion hotspot, located ~1100 km off-axis to the west. The CIR passed over the hotspot 34 Ma ago, and the goal of this study is to test if CIR basalts still record a Réunion-like helium isotope signature.



The Galapagos A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences

The Galapagos  A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences Author Karen S. Harpp
ISBN-10 9781118852682
Release 2014-07-22
Pages 448
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The Galápagos Islands are renown for their unique flora and fauna, inspiring Charles Darwin in the elaboration of his theory of evolution. Yet in his Voyage of the Beagle, published in 1839, Darwin also remarked on the fascinating geology and volcanic origin of these enchanted Islands. Since then, the Galápagos continue to provide scientists with inspiration and invaluable information about ocean island formation and evolution, mantle plumes, and the deep Earth. Motivated by an interdisciplinary Chapman Conference held in the Islands, this AGU volume provides cross-disciplinary collection of recent research into the origin and nature of ocean islands, from their deepest roots in Earth's mantle, to volcanism, surface processes, and the interface between geology and biodiversity. Volume highlights include: Case studies in biogeographical, hydrological, and chronological perspective Understanding the connection between geological processes and biodiversity Synthesis of decades of interdisciplinary research in physical processes from surface to deep interior of the earth In-depth discussion of the concept of the island acting as a natural laboratory for earth scientists Integrated understanding of the Galápagos region from a geological perspective Collectively, The Galápagos presents case studies illustrating the Galápagos Archipelago as a dynamic natural laboratory for the earth sciences. This book would be of special interest to a multidisciplinary audience in earth sciences, including petrologists, volcanologists, geochronologists, geochemists, and geobiologists.



Gondwana

Gondwana Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822005687165
Release 1990
Pages 319
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Gondwana has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Gondwana also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Gondwana book for free.



Noble gas geochemistry of the Cameroon line volcanic chain

Noble gas geochemistry of the Cameroon line volcanic chain Author Dan Nicolas Barfod
ISBN-10 UOM:39015043234726
Release 1999
Pages
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Noble gas geochemistry of the Cameroon line volcanic chain has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Noble gas geochemistry of the Cameroon line volcanic chain also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Noble gas geochemistry of the Cameroon line volcanic chain book for free.



Radon A Tracer for Geological Geophysical and Geochemical Studies

Radon  A Tracer for Geological  Geophysical and Geochemical Studies Author Mark Baskaran
ISBN-10 9783319213293
Release 2016-08-11
Pages 260
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This book reviews all the major research accomplishments and summarizes the different applications of radon. It serves as a solid reference book for researchers who are interested in the U-series radionuclides and noble gases as tracers and chronometers. Radon has been widely utilized as a powerful tracer to quantify a number of processes that include gas exchange rates between air and water, submarine groundwater discharge in coastal waters, water exchange between rivers and lakes, ocean circulation, hydrocarbon and uranium exploration. It is also used as an atmospheric tracer for the identification and quantification of air masses and as a tool for earthquake prediction, etc. A significant portion of the book presents state-of-the knowledge on indoor-radon-related health issues. Applications of the decay-series of Rn-222 are presented in a chapter. It serves as a reference and a state-of-the-art resource for researchers who want to learn the different applications of radon in Earth systems.



Plates Plumes and Paradigms

Plates  Plumes  and Paradigms Author Gillian R. Foulger
ISBN-10 9780813723884
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 881
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Plates Plumes and Paradigms has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Plates Plumes and Paradigms also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Plates Plumes and Paradigms book for free.



Isotopes of noble gases as tracers in environmental studies

Isotopes of noble gases as tracers in environmental studies Author International Atomic Energy Agency
ISBN-10 UOM:39015028468109
Release 1992
Pages 305
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Isotopes of noble gases as tracers in environmental studies has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Isotopes of noble gases as tracers in environmental studies also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Isotopes of noble gases as tracers in environmental studies book for free.



Noble gas geochemistry and cosmochemistry

Noble gas geochemistry and cosmochemistry Author J. Matsuda
ISBN-10 4887041144
Release 1994
Pages 386
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Noble gas geochemistry and cosmochemistry has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Noble gas geochemistry and cosmochemistry also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Noble gas geochemistry and cosmochemistry book for free.



Geochemistry International

Geochemistry International Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015072631024
Release 2008
Pages
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Vols. for 1964-v. 2, no. 1, 1965 include selected articles translated from geochemical papers from other languages, but primarily from Russian, German, French and Japanese.



Laboratory and Field based Instrumentation Developments and Noble Gas stable Isotope Systematics of Rungwe Volcanic Province Iceland and the Central Indian Ridge

Laboratory and Field based Instrumentation Developments and Noble Gas stable Isotope Systematics of Rungwe Volcanic Province  Iceland and the Central Indian Ridge Author Peter Hagan Barry
ISBN-10 1267620811
Release 2012
Pages 251
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Volatile studies in various tectonic settings have revealed important information about interactions between different mantle reservoirs and the Earth's surface. By employing a combined noble gas and stable isotope approach, we are able to discern surficial processes from intrinsic mantle characteristics. This dissertation discusses laboratory and field based instrumentation developments, which enable high precision measurements of volatile species in the laboratory and improved sampling techniques of volatiles in the field. In addition, the origin(s), transport and behavior of volatiles are discussed in three plume-rift related geological settings : a) Rungwe Volcanic Province (RVP), b) Iceland, and c) the Central Indian Ridge (CIR). Following a short introduction to the utility of noble gas and stable isotopes as geochemical tracers in plume-rift systems in Chapter I, we discuss the main objectives of the various studies that comprise this dissertation. Chapter II is a description of syringe pump apparatus for the retrieval and temporal analysis of helium (SPARTAH), a recently developed, semi-autonomous instrument, which enables continuous collection of fluid samples in the field. Fluids can subsequently be sectioned, time-stamped and targeted for volatile characteristics (e.g., He-isotopes), thus creating a time-series record of chemical perturbations in the groundwater system. Chapter III describes a N2 extraction and purification system recently constructed in the Fluids and Volatiles Laboratory at SIO. We describe the configuration of the system as well as initial test results that demonstrate the utility of our technique. Chapter IV examines He-CO2 and abundance systematics of RVP geothermal fluids and gases. We evaluate the origin of cold CO2 mazuku-like features, estimate CO2 fluxes, and address the apparent He-isotope disparity observed between gas, fluid, rock and mineral phases in the region. Chapter V focuses on the CO2 isotope and abundance systematics of Iceland geothermal fluids, gases and basalts. We consider various processes such as hydrothermal phase separation, calcite precipitation and degassing which may act to alter intrinsic mantle- source features and attempt to reconstruct source characteristics of the Icelandic mantle prior to modification. In addition, CO2 fluxes are estimated for Iceland and compared with previous estimates from Iceland and analogous geological settings. Chapter VI investigates the combined Ne-N-Ar-CO2 systematics of the CIR as well as Ne-Ar systematics of Réunion xenoliths. We demonstrate that a Réunion-like plumecomponent is evident in the coupled Ne-N-Ar systematics and that both solar and recycled crustal components are detectable in the Réunion-plume source. Finally, we adopt a coupled assimilation and fractional equilibrium degassing model to explain and reconstruct initial volatile ratios and CO2 source characteristics.